Tooth decay takes place when microorganisms that exist in the mouth act on the foodstuff that you consume. This produces acid that hampers the enamel of the teeth. This steady destruction of the outer layer or the tooth enamel starts to create decay, which if not cured can get bigger and can affect the gums as well. Dental Caries which is most commonly known as a cavity is the result of tooth decay. It is caused by bacteria that thrive in the mouth and excretes acids that eat away a tooth. Tooth decay causes pain, infection and tooth loss if not treated immediately.
Dr. Peter Spennato is a dentist who practices in San Pedro, California and is known for offering the best treatment to the patients suffering from serious dental problems. He states that a person with cavity may or may not get to experience any signs or symptoms. The common symptoms of cavity may include:
- Sensitivity to hot, cold, sweet, or pressure
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Holes or pits that can be seen easily
- Discoloration of teeth
Visiting a Dentist regularly for checkup helps in early detection of possible tooth decay. Treatments may vary depending on the condition of the tooth. Treatments may include filling or covering the broken part of the tooth. These fillings usually come in the form of alloy, metal, porcelain, plastic etc. In worst circumstances the decay may need a crown which either replaces the entire part of the affected tooth or covers it. Another possible treatment for tooth decay is the root canal treatments. This helps in removing the infected core of the tooth which is called the pulp. It is a dental procedure that also aids in healing toothache and infection. However, in certain cases, the dentist may recommend tooth extraction.
Dr. Peter Spennato states that by following the oral hygiene religiously and by getting the checkups done on regular basis can help in preventing tooth decay. Moreover, one should avoid taking too much sugar and starch content foods and instead should take fruits that contain vitamin C and vegetables that contain vitamin A. These fruits and vegetables are known for having natural abrasives and eating these scrubs the teeth in a natural and mild way. In case, the tooth decay or cavity is ignored it may result in certain serious complications such as:
- Extreme pain and discomfort
- Tooth sensitivity
- Fractured tooth
- Inability to chew or bite
- Tooth abscess
In order to prevent tooth decay, one should practice brushing at least twice a day and floss daily. To detect possible cavity development x-rays must be taken. In addition, after eating any type of food or snack the mouth should be rinsed thoroughly with water. Dental sealants are thin plastic like coatings which can be used both by children and older people to prevent cavities.
Thus, as stated by Dr. Peter Spennato correctly, one should not neglect the health of the teeth as neglecting it may cause serious problems in future.